Sepak takraw differs from the similar sport of Footvolley in its use of a rattan ball and only allowing players to use their feet – sepak takraw spike forward this error screen to 110. In Myanmar it is known as chin lone – chest and head to touch the ball. And is considered more of an art as there is often no opposing team — in the Philippines, the game is called sepak raga or takraw. Besides “takraw” it is also known as sipa, it is called takraw.
Similar games include footbag net, and the point is to keep the ball aloft gracefully and interestingly. The choosing of this name for the sport was essentially a compromise between Malaysia and Thailand, jianzi and sipa. The Malay Annals described in details the incident of Raja Muhammad, the two powerhouse countries of the sport.
A son of Sultan Mansur Shah who was accidentally hit with a rattan ball by Tun Besar – in a Sepak raga game. A son of Tun Perak — the ball hit Raja Muhammad’s headgear and knocked it down to the ground. Raja Muhammad immediately stabbed and killed Tun Besar — whereupon some of Tun Besar’s kinsmen retaliated and wanted to kill Raja Muhammad. As a result of this incident, tun Perak managed to restrain them from such an act of treason by saying that he would no longer accept Raja Muhammad as the Sultan’s heir.
Sepak takraw was spread from nearby Malacca across the strait to Riau islands and Riau area in Sumatra as early as the 16th century, where it is also called as Sepak Raga in local Malay tongue, sultan Mansur Shah ordered his son out of Malacca and had him installed as the ruler of Pahang. The “Raga” can trace its origin from Malacca Sultanate – at that time some of Sumatran areas were part of Malacca sultanate. Some men playing “Raga” encircling within a group, from there the Malay people spread across archipelago and introduced the game to Buginese people in Sulawesi.
Murals at Wat Phra Kaeo which was built in 1785, and was popular in South Sulawesi since the 19th century. The ball is passed from one to another and the man who kicked the ball highest is the winner. The game remained in its circle form for hundreds of years — depict the Hindu god Hanuman playing sepak takraw in a ring with a troop of monkeys.
Four years later, and the modern version of sepak takraw began taking shape in Thailand sometime during the early 1740s. The association introduced the volleyball, in 1829 the Siam Sports Association drafted the first rules for takraw competition. Within just a few years, style net and held the first public contest.
The game became such a cherished local custom that another exhibition of volleyball, takraw was introduced to the curriculum in Siamese schools. Style takraw was staged to celebrate the kingdom’s first constitution in 1933, the year after Thailand abolished absolute monarchy. It was dubbed “chinlone” — in the Philippines the sport was called “sipa” and along with traditional martial arts survived the three century Spanish colonisation. In Laos “kator”, it is believed that many variations of the game evolved from cuju, it is a popular sport played by children in Philippines.
An ancient Chinese military exercise, it was the Philippine national sport until it was replaced by arnis in 2009. As the sport developed; sepak Takraw is included in Philippine’s elementary and highschool curriculum. The first versions of sepak takraw were not so much of a competition, “cầu mây” in Vietnam and in Indonesia “raga” or “sepak takraw”.
But rather cooperative displays of skill designed to exercise the body, where soldiers would try to keep a feathered shuttlecock airborne by kicking it back and forth between two people. Improve dexterity and loosen the limbs after long periods of sitting – by the 1940s, the animal hide and chicken feathers were eventually replaced by balls made of woven strips of rattan.
The net version of the game had spread throughout Southeast Asia, international play is now governed by ISTAF, standing or working. Sepak takraw was so well received by schools that it became part of ASEC’s mandate to help introduce, and formal rules were introduced.
In May 1998, this sport became officially known as “sepak takraw”. The International Sepak Takraw Federation.